In the vast majority of cases, spinal curves are mild and require minimal or no active treatment. Spinal curves beyond 40-50 degrees are often considered for spine stabilization surgery in order to prevent further progression and normalize spinal function while reducing any associated pain.
In such cases, spinal instrumentation and fusion may be recommended. Metallic implants are used to correct the alignment, straightening and holding the spine in place in the safest way possible, while a bone graft creates a rigid fusion at the site of the curve. Scoliosis or kyphosis are types of conditions that may require spinal deformity surgery.